Important Update – ICANN68 to be Held as Zoom Webinars
On the first day of ICANN68, several sessions were subject to instances of disruption, or “Zoombombing.” This occurs when Internet trolls interrupt public Zoom meetings and use Zoom’s features to share offensive audio, images, and video.The individuals responsible for these disruptions were removed from the sessions by the Meetings Technical Services team as quickly as possible. To reduce these types of interruptions in the short term, some participant features were disabled, including the ability for participants to unmute their own microphones and rename themselves on the participant list. In other instances, chat between participants was also disabled.We do not take these incidents lightly and are working diligently to mitigate any future disruptions. All remaining ICANN68 sessions will be held using a password-protected Zoom Webinar format, with the exception of the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC), pending further evaluation by GAC leadership.The event schedule, https://68.schedule.icann.org/, will be updated daily to reflect the changes to the Zoom participation links. All other services, such as remote simultaneous interpretation and real time transcription, are not impacted by this change.Please note that if you have exported any session information to your calendar, the links will not update automatically. To update your calendar, you will need to export the new information as it becomes available.The Participation Tools section of the event website has been updated with information on how to use Zoom Webinars. We encourage all participants who are unfamiliar with how to participate in Zoom Webinars to review this information.We appreciate your understanding and will provide additional information as it becomes available.
Domain Name SystemInternationalized Domain Name ,IDN,”IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet “”a-z””. An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European “”0-9″”. The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed “”ASCII characters”” (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of “”Unicode characters”” that provides the basis for IDNs. The “”hostname rule”” requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen “”-“”. The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of “”labels”” (separated by “”dots””). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an “”A-label””. All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a “”U-label””. The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for “”test”” — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of “”ASCII compatible encoding”” (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an “”LDH label””. Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as””icann.org”” is not an IDN.”